cerebral palsy causes & symptoms

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Cerebral palsy is a set of neurological disorders that affect balance, muscle tone, and movement. This condition is caused by damage, which occurs in the developing, immature brain, mostly before birth.

Cerebral palsy initiates in the area of the brain that controls the movement of muscles. There are two types of CP- cerebral palsy, when a person is born with this disorder that’s called “congenital CP” and if some get it after the birth it is called as “acquired CP.”

People who have cerebral palsy either can have mild issues with muscle control or severe issues when they cannot walk. Some people even experience difficulty in talking.

Causes of cerebral palsy

Here are some problems that can damage the brain or disrupt its growth are as follow:

  • Bleeding in the brain before birth while baby still in the womb, at the time of birth or after the birth
  • Important organs of the body lacking blood flow
  • Some genetic disorders
  • Seizures during the birth or in the first month after the birth
  • Traumatic brain injuries.

When some of the infections and viruses attack the pregnant woman, the chances of baby getting infected with cerebral palsy increases. These include:

  • Rubella, or German measles
  • Chickenpox
  • Cytomegalovirus, which causes symptoms like flu in the mother
  • Herpes
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Zika
  • Syphilis

Signs & symptoms

A child with cerebral palsy may experience muscular and movement issues, along with poor muscle tone. Some of the symptoms include:

  • Underdeveloped or overdeveloped muscles, which result in stiff or floppy movements
  • Poor balance and coordination, known as ataxia
  • Slow writhing movements, involuntary, or athetosis
  • Still muscles that contract abnormally, the condition is called as spastic paralysis
  • Crawling in an unusual way
  • Limited movement
  • Depending on one side of the body
  • Lying down in awkward positions

 Other symptoms are as follows:

  • Eyesight and hearing problems
  • Seizures
  • Problems controlling bladder and bowel movements
  • Being easily startled
  • Drooling, and problems with sucking, feeding, and swallowing
  • Late achievement of developmental milestones such as walking, speaking or crawling.

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Reasons you are tired all the time

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Often, we all tend to blame our too-busy lifestyle for being tired and most of the times we are right about it. But if you are tired all the time even after having enough rest and comfortable work routine you are constantly depending on caffeine to keep you active, you need to find out the reasons behind your tiredness.

If your tiredness is persisting for some time you may have to get yourself tested for anemia (iron deficiency), thyroid problems, heart disease and much more. Even deficiency of vitamin D, allergies or any other medications could be the reasons of your tiredness.

Anemia

This condition is due to a lack of red blood cells, which result in bringing oxygen from the lungs to the tissues and cells. Shortage of oxygen supply in the body causes frequent or unexplained dizziness, headache and tiredness all the time. Anemia can be caused by vitamin or iron deficiency, internal bleeding, blood loss, or a chronic disease such as rheumatoid arthritis, kidney failure, or cancer. Pregnant women are more susceptible to iron-deficiency anemia.

Other symptoms of anemia include brittle nails, pale skin and even after having enough sleep you will feel the need of a constant nap during day time. One should avoid too much intake of caffeine because it can lead to iron deficiency. Iron is an essential to your body to produce hemoglobin which is a part of red blood cells and helps in carrying oxygen in the body.

Vitamin D deficiency

Deficiency of vitamin D is also of the most common reasons of your tiredness. Vitamin D keeps a count of calcium in the body and helps it to keep the bones strong. It plays a crucial role in healthy muscle movement, the nervous system relies on it and it also improves the functionality of the immune system as well as helps in reducing inflammation. So, when your body experiences a lack of vitamin D the bones become softer and lose their strength, rendering you to feel tired all the time.

There are few naturally available sources of vitamin D, including sunlight, fish liver oils, some fish, and egg yolks.

Overweight

Being overweight is also an important reason and at times a pre-condition for something more serious lifestyle related to health disorder that drains your energy. Overweight may often result in insulin resistance condition, which can lead to pre-diabetes and other serious health issues.

During the process of digestion, food is converted to the forms of sugars such as glucose and sopped up in the blood. As the sugar in the bloodstream increases, the pancreas releases insulin (hormone) to remove sugar from the bloodstream so that it can be used for energy.

Obesity may result in insulin resistance, which means the body cells have reduced its ability to respond to the action of the insulin (hormone). With time people with insulin resistance can high sugars or diabetes.

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Is uterine cancer curable?

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Once you’re diagnosed with uterine cancer, you have to approach the health care provider for an effective cancer treatment. Surgery is the most important treatment for uterine cancer, although there are different methods to treat this cancer that depend on the personal circumstances.

Your doctor will recommend you the treatment based on a variety of factors, including the tumor type, the tumor’s grade and stage, and other related medical issues.

Uterine cancer treatment

Usually, uterus cancer is treated by one or a combination of different treatments, such as radiation therapy, surgery, hormone therapy, and chemotherapy. In most of the cases, combinations of treatments are recommended. Treatment options and recommendations depend on various factors, such as the type and stage of cancer, risks as well as side effects, and the overall health of a woman.

Surgery

This process is the removal of the tumor and the surrounding healthy tissue during an operation. It is the first treatment used for uterus cancer.

Common surgeries for uterine cancer include:

  • Hysterectomy. In the process, the doctor removes the uterus and cervix or radical hysterectomy the removal of the uterus, cervix, the upper part of the vagina, and surrounding tissues take place. For patients who have gone through menopause, the doctor will perform a bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy that means the removal of both fallopian tubes and ovaries. To perform hysterectomy the surgeon will either use a traditional surgery with 1 large incision or laparoscopy, which uses several smaller incisions.
  • Lymph node dissection. During the process of hysterectomy, the surgeon may also remove lymph nodes surrounding the tumor to check whether cancer has spread beyond the uterus.
  • Sentinel lymph node biopsy. In some cases, a sentinel lymph node biopsy is performed. This biopsy helps the doctor to determine whether cancer has spread to the lymph nodes.

Radiation therapy

In this therapy, the doctor uses high-energy x-rays or other particles to destroy cancer cells. A radiation therapy schedule usually has a specific number of treatments given over a set period of time. The most common radiation therapy is called external-beam radiation therapy, which is given from a machine outside the body.

The type of radiation therapy for endometrial cancer may include radiation therapy directed towards the whole pelvis or applied only to the vaginal cavity often called intravaginal radiotherapy (IVRT) or vaginal brachytherapy.

Chemotherapy

In this therapy, the surgeon use drugs to destroy cancer cells, usually by inhibiting the cancer cells to grow and divide. Systemic chemotherapy gets into the bloodstream to attack cancer cells throughout the body. The most common ways chemotherapy include an intravenous (IV) tube inserted into a vein using a needle or in a pill or capsule that is taken orally.

Hormone therapy

This therapy is used to curb the growth of specific types of uterine cancer cells that have receptors to the hormones to them. Hormone therapy for uterine cancer consists of a high dose of the sex hormone progesterone, given in the form of pills. Other hormone therapies include the aromatase inhibitors (AIs) that are used the breast cancer in women, such as exemestane (Aromasin), Letrozole (Femara), and anastrozole (Arimidex).

Side effects of hormone therapy in some patients’ fluid retention increase in appetite, insomnia, muscle aches and weight gain.

Types of treatment depending on the stage

Stage I

  • Surgery alone
  • Surgery along with chemotherapy or radiation therapy
  • Hormone therapy with a progesterone-type drug
  • Surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.

Stage II

  • Surgery with chemotherapy or radiation therapy
  • Surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy

Stage III

  • Surgery with chemotherapy or radiation therapy
  • Surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy

Stage IV

  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormone therapy

is getting inked safe?

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In the past, only people like punk rockers and bikers used get inked. Now, tattoos have become more common than ever, but that doesn’t mean we should take risks lightly. One should understand basic safety precautions and post inked care.

How it is done?

A tattoo is a permanent design or impression made on the skin with pigments inserted with the help small needle through pricks into the outer layer of the skin. Usually, the tattoo artist does it with a machine, which works more like a sewing machine, with one or more needles pricking the skin continuously.

If the process is done without using anesthetics causes a small amount of bleeding and slight pain.

Risks with getting inked  

Tattoos lead to risks such as skin infection and other complications are possible, such as:

  • Allergic reactions

Tattoo inks, especially green, red, yellow and blue can result in allergic skin reactions, including itchy rashes at the tattoo site.

  • Skin Infection

The tattoo can also give rise to skin infection.

  • Other skin complications

Sometimes bumps named as granulomas can be formed around tattoo ink.

  • Bloodborne diseases

If the tattoo machine is contaminated with infected blood, you can get different blood-borne diseases, including tetanus, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C.

  • MRI complications

In some cases, tattoos or permanent makeup might lead to swelling or burning in the particular area during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

If you develop an allergic reaction to the tattoo ink or an infection or other skin related problem, medication or other treated would be required.

Safety precautions

To be sure about the safe application of your tattoo, clear all the queries, including:

  • Go to the most reputable tattoo studio in your area that has only well-trained employees. Remember that regulatory requirements and licensing standards vary from one state to another. Check with your area health department for information on local regulations and licensing.
  • Check that the tattoo artists wash hands before starting the procedure and wears a new pair of safety gloves for every customer.
  • Make sure the tattoo artist takes a fresh needle and tubes from sealed packages. Even the pigments, containers or trays are unused.
  • Also, check the tattoo artist sterilizes all nondisposable equipment with the help of a heat sterilization machine.

Post inked care

To avoid any kind of skin infection, one should take proper care of the tattoo till it heals. Here are few tips on post inked care:

  • Uncover the tattoo after 24 hours. Make sure to apply an antibiotic cream over the inked shin while it’s healing
  • Keep the inked skin clean to avoid any type skin infection. Use plain soap and water and gently wash the inked area.
  • Keep moisturizing the inked skin several times a day by using a mild moisturizer.
  • Keep your inked skin away from sun exposure for at least a few weeks.
  • Avoid swimming.
  • Avoid wearing anything that might stick to the tattooed skin.

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signs and symptoms of uterine cancer

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What is uterine cancer?

Cancer is a condition in which cells of the body grow vigorously. It is always named from the part where it arises, even though it spreads to other parts of the body in the later stage.

When cancer arises in the uterus, which is a pear-shaped organ located in a woman’s pelvis, it is named as uterine cancer. The uterus is also called as the womb, is the place where the baby grows when a woman is conceived.

There are different types of uterine cancers, but endometrial cancer is the most common type of uterine cancer found among women. This type of cancer is formed in the inner lining of the uterus, called the endometrium.

Early signs & symptoms of uterine cancer

Women with uterine cancer experience many symptoms, such as abnormal vaginal bleeding, during or after menopause, is the most prominent sign of this problem.

Signs & symptoms of uterine cancer are following:

  • Vaginal discharge that doesn’t happen normally to you.
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding. Abnormal bleeding means when it happens, after you gone through menopause, bleeding between periods, or any other bleeding that is longer or more blood flow than normal for you.
  • Pain while urinating.
  • Pain during sexual intercourse.
  • Pain in the pelvic area.

Stay alerted about your body, and recognize what is normal for you and what is not. Consult a doctor, if you find any changes in vaginal bleeding.

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polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and weight gain

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If you’ve been diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), you might have noticed that waist number have scaled up no matter what you do and that is really annoying. For women with the polycystic ovary, shedding off extra pounds becomes a constant struggle.

Polycystic ovary syndrome is most commonly found hormonal disorder among childbearing age women, which can also result in issues related to fertility.

Gaining weight is one of the most common symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS. This happens because women with PCOS have higher levels of male hormones and the body has difficulty in using insulin or become insulin resistant. As a result, many women are overweight or obese and can be at a higher risk of heart disease, diabetes, sleep apnea, and uterine cancer.

How polycystic ovary syndrome causes weight gain?

Polycystic ovary syndrome makes the body insulin resistant, which means body loses its capability to use the hormone insulin. This hormone helps in breaking down starches and sugars from the food to produce energy. The condition is called insulin resistant that can cause insulin and sugar- glucose to accumulate in the bloodstream.

A presence of high insulin levels leads to the production of male hormones called androgens. Higher levels of androgen cause symptoms including acne, hair growth, irregular periods and weight gain. As the weight gain has been stimulated by male hormones, so the fat build up is more in the abdomen, where men likely to put on weight. Hence women with PCOS will have more of an apple shape, instead of the pear shape.

Building up fat in the abdomen is the most dangerous type of fat. This is because it is linked with higher chances of getting heart disease and other health conditions.

Risks associated with PCOS-linked weight gain?

Women who are suffering from PCOS are more prone to develop many health problems along with weight gain and insulin resistance, such as:

  • High cholesterol
  • Sleep apnea
  • Infertility
  • High blood pressure
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Type 2 diabetes

       Most of the above-given health condition can lead to heart disease. Women who have PCOS are four to seven times more prone to get a heart attack than women of the same age without PCOS.

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how to get online doctor appointment in bangalore

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How can I get online doctor appointment in Bangalore? 

Now you could e-Book an Online Doctor Appointment in Bangalore.   Request your appointment now and get dealt with the professional medical doctors.

Fill The Online Doctor Appointment Form And We Will Get Back To You Shortly.  For More Information on Appointments click on here