If you’ve been diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), you might have noticed that waist number have scaled up no matter what you do and that is really annoying. For women with the polycystic ovary, shedding off extra pounds becomes a constant struggle.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is most commonly found hormonal disorder among childbearing age women, which can also result in issues related to fertility.
Gaining weight is one of the most common symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS. This happens because women with PCOS have higher levels of male hormones and the body has difficulty in using insulin or become insulin resistant. As a result, many women are overweight or obese and can be at a higher risk of heart disease, diabetes, sleep apnea, and uterine cancer.
How polycystic ovary syndrome causes weight gain?
Polycystic ovary syndrome makes the body insulin resistant, which means body loses its capability to use the hormone insulin. This hormone helps in breaking down starches and sugars from the food to produce energy. The condition is called insulin resistant that can cause insulin and sugar- glucose to accumulate in the bloodstream.
A presence of high insulin levels leads to the production of male hormones called androgens. Higher levels of androgen cause symptoms including acne, hair growth, irregular periods and weight gain. As the weight gain has been stimulated by male hormones, so the fat build up is more in the abdomen, where men likely to put on weight. Hence women with PCOS will have more of an apple shape, instead of the pear shape.
Building up fat in the abdomen is the most dangerous type of fat. This is because it is linked with higher chances of getting heart disease and other health conditions.
Risks associated with PCOS-linked weight gain?
Women who are suffering from PCOS are more prone to develop many health problems along with weight gain and insulin resistance, such as:
- High cholesterol
- Sleep apnea
- High blood pressure
- Endometrial cancer
- Type 2 diabetes
Most of the above-given health condition can lead to heart disease. Women who have PCOS are four to seven times more prone to get a heart attack than women of the same age without PCOS.