signs of malnutrition in children

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Malnutrition results from a diet that is lacking vital nutrients, minerals, and vitamins. This insufficient nutrients intake with the food may lead to various nutrition disorders, such as scurvy – a condition that occurs due to insufficient intake of vitamin C.

Malnutrition is the most common among children; various reasons could result in this condition such as children being picky with food or low budget. Children with malnutrition may often show reduced perception with the five senses, lacking interest in activities, weak immune system, is the thin or bloated stomach, and may also look short for their age.

Signs & symptoms of malnutrition in children include:

  • Slow growth. This may be evident as failing to grow according to a normal expected rate in terms of height, weight or both.
  • Dry and flaky skin, hair may also become dull, dry, and straw like in appearance. Sometimes, they may also have extensive hair loss.
  • Sluggishness, inactive, irritability and excessive crying along with changes in behavior, including anxiety, attention deficit are common symptoms.
  • Limbs may appear more like a stick, because of muscle wasting and lack of strength in the muscles.
  • The abdomen is swollen as a result of lack of strength of the muscles of the abdomen. This leads to the contents of the abdomen to protrude out making the abdomen to swell. Legs are swollen because of edema, which is the result of lack of essential nutrients. These two symptoms are more prominent in malnourished children.
  • In children with Marasmus, there may be excessive weight loss with muscle wasting. There is very little or no fat beneath the skin. The skin folds are thin and face looks pinched like a monkey or old man. Hair is brittle or sparse.
  • In Kwashiorkor the child represents 1 and 2 hair changing color to a listless gray, red or blonde. A face looks round with swollen abdomen and legs. Skin is dry and dark with stretch marks.
  • In nutrition scarcity, the child looks stunted in growth.

Other physical symptoms are listed below:

  • bruising easily
  •  rashes
  • changes in skin pigmentation
  • pale, thick, and/or dry skin
  • thin, brittle hair that pulls out easily
  • achy joints
  • swollen or shriveled and cracked tongue
  •  bleeding gums
  • night blindness
  • increased sensitivity to light
  • soft bones that are tender
  • muscle twitches
  • goiter (enlarged thyroid gland)
  • fatigue, dizziness
  • loss of reflexes and coordination

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signs & symptoms to identify piles (haemorrhoids)

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Piles (Hemorrhoids) – A painful condition in which a person experiences swellings inside and around the back passage (anus).

There is a group of small blood vessels within the inner wall of the anal canal. Sometimes, these blood vessels become large and puffed up because of more blood supply than normal. These puffed up veins and the overlying tissue may then form into one or more small swellings called piles.

Symptoms may vary from temporary and mild, to persistent and painful. In some cases, there will be no appearance of symptoms and an individual may not realize that they are suffering from piles.

Some of the common symptoms are following:

  •      Bleeding at the time of passing stools. The blood color is usually bright red and may be easily noticed on the toilet tissue, in the toilet seat or layering the stools.
  • Itching in and around the anal passage.
  • Swelling or a painful lump near the anus.
  • A mucous anal discharge.
  • Pain or tenderness during bowel movements.

Hemorrhoid can prolapse and can be felt outside the anus. Usually, it is pushed back after the toilet, but in severe piles condition piles remain prolapsed permanently and cannot be pushed back after the toilet.

Small piles inside the anal passage do not cause any pain. Bigger piles may result in pain, mucous discharge, irritation, and itching near anal.

A possible risk of piles that prolapsed is that the blood supply to hemorrhoid can be cut off. This condition could be extremely painful. Another problem is a blood clot within hemorrhoid, which is uncommon, but causes extreme pain if it occurs.

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8 early signs to predict dementia

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One of the most common signs of dementia is memory loss. It is a brain disease that leads to a slow decline in memory, reasoning skills, and thinking, but that doesn’t mean that everyone who experiences memory problems suffers from dementia.

Signs & Symptoms

One to be diagnosed with dementia needs to have at least two types of impairment that considerably interfere with day to day life.

In addition to problems in remembering, the person may also face impairments in:

  • Concentration
  • Language
  • Reasoning
  • Communication
  1. Subtle changes in memory

Having trouble with memory is the most common as well as an early symptom of dementia. These memory changes are usually subtle and likely to involve short-term memory. An elder person may remember events that occurred years back but won’t able to remember what they had for breakfast.

Other changes in short-term memory are struggling to remember why they entered into a room, forget where they left their stuff, or forget what they supposed to do at any given time.

  1. Struggling to find the right words

Another initial symptom of dementia is difficulty in making an effective communication. A person who suffers from dementia often has difficulty in explaining something or getting the right words to express their thoughts.

  1. Mood swings

An individual with dementia also goes through changes in mood. It is difficult to recognize these changes in yourself if you have dementia, but you able to notice these changes in someone else. Depression is a typical early symptom of dementia.

Besides, changes in mood, you might also notice a shift in personality. One typical example of personality shift is a person changes from being shy to outgoing.

  1. Apathy

Apathy or listlessness is the common symptom of early dementia.  A person with dementia might lose interest in activities or hobbies. They may avoid going out or do anything fun. Also, lose interest in spending time with friends and family, and may seem emotionally neutral.

  1. Confusion

An individual with early stages of dementia often seems confused. When the ability of thinking, remembering, or reasoning lapses, confusion may arise because they cannot remember faces, struggle in finding the right word, or difficulty in making an interaction with people.

  1. Do something in repetition

Repetition is common in dementia because of general changes in behavior and memory loss. The person may repeat everyday tasks, including shaving, or they might collect things obsessively.

  1. Fail to follow direction

The sense of direction, as well as spatial orientation, may start to decline with the arrival of dementia. This can also lead to an inability in recognizing once-familiar landmarks and forgetting daily used directions. It also results in difficulty in following a series of directions and step-by-step instructions.

  1. Struggling to complete regular tasks

A subtle change in the ability to complete daily tasks may predict that a person is suffering from early stage of dementia. This usually begins with completing complex tasks, such as balancing a checkbook or playing games with numerous rules.

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diet for healthy prostate

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The prostate is a gland, a part of the male reproduction system that surrounds the urethra and bladder. Most of the men suffer from conditions like enlarged prostate and prostate cancer, which is one of the most common cancers found in men.

Although there is no scientific evidence that healthy diet can prevent problems related to prostate, but balanced diet may reduce the chances of prostate problems.

It has been found that men who feed upon more calorie diet than the required need on a daily basis are more prone to develop prostate problems, as compared to others. Besides, intake of high calorie a diet with excess in animal based protein could also increase the chances of prostate problems.

Consumption of caffeine also should be cut down for a healthy prostate so foods such as coffee, tea, soda, and chocolate should be taken in limited quantities. The diets recommended for different prostate conditions may vary, according to the type of a problem and severity of the disorder.

Listed, below is the list of nutrients that should be included in the healthy prostate diet for an enlarged prostate:

  • Omega-3 fatty acids, found in basil, flaxseed, tuna, salmon oil, cod liver oil, and halibut.
  • Vitamin D, present in green leafy vegetables, milk, and liver.
  • Beta-sitosterol, which can be found in sugar cane pulp and herbs, including pygeum and saw palmetto.
  • Vitamin E, which is found in dry or roast almonds, broccoli, peanut butter, sunflower oil, wheat germ oil, and spinach.

Diet for inflamed prostate

A diet for an irritated or inflamed prostate should be high in foods that have antioxidants, as they improve the immune system, make it stronger. Some of the foods to be part of an inflamed prostate diet include:

  • Watermelons
  • Tomatoes
  • Grapefruit
  • Papaya
  • Red berries
  • Green leafy veggies
  • Red wine
  • Black tea
  • Broccoli
  • Onions
  • Citrus fruit
  • Raspberries

Foods to be avoided for prostate health

In order to have the prostate in good health, it is really important for men to eat the healthy prostate foods at all times. As we have foods that promote the good health of the prostate, just like that we have foods to deteriorate the health of prostate; such foods should be avoided or taken in a limited quantity.  Listed below is a list of foods that could trigger prostate problems in men.

  •       Processed foods that are high in trans-fats. These foods usually include all the commercially prepared food stuff, like can soup, pie crusts, pastries, frozen entrees, fast food and all the food items prepared with hydrogenated vegetable oil.
  •     Animal based products, including butter, cream, beef fat, dark meat poultry, cheese, pork, whole milk, beef, full cream dairy products, poultry with skin and lamb should be avoided, or consumed in limited amounts.
  •   Refined grabs or carbohydrates from which the healthy nutrients, such as vitamins and fiber, have been stripped off totally during the processing stage should be avoided.

      Diet for enlarged prostate

Given below is the list of foods that should be a part of men’s daily diet for an enlarged prostate:

  • Broccoli
  • Cod liver oil
  • Dark green leafy vegetables
  • Eggs
  • Flaxseed and flaxseed oil
  • Halibut
  • Herbs, like basil, pygeum and saw palmetto
  • Liver
  • Low-fat dairy products
  • Peanuts and peanut butter
  • Roast almonds
  • Salmon and salmon oil
  • Shellfish
  • Skinless poultry
  • Spinach
  • Sugarcane pulp
  • Sunflower oil
  • Tuna
  • Wheat germ oil

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